Leadership Styles and Subordinates

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A leader is the one who knows the way, goes the way and shows the way – John Maxwell

Too many say that organization’s leadership alluding to the senior most executives in the association. They are simply that, senior executives. Authority doesn’t consequently happen when you achieve a certain pay grade. Assuredly you discover it there, yet there are no insurances. Leadership has nothing to do with titles. Like the point above, only in light of the fact that you have a C-level title, doesn’t consequently make you a “pioneer.” In the greater part of my discussions I stretch the way that you needn’t bother with a title to lead. Truth be told, you might be a pioneer in your spot of live, your neighbourhood, in your family, all without having a title. To me leadership is beyond organisational positions and titles. A leader is someone who can lead and make others follow him.

LEADERSHIP THEORIES:

What makes leadership powerful in a gathering or association? Researchers have been engrossed with tending to this key address maybe since the initiation of leadership as a formal field of exploratory request. One excellent approach that picked up conspicuousness throughout the 1970s and 1980s is contingency theory of leadership (Sage REFERENCE, 2012). This theory states that initiative adequacy is identified with the exchange of a pioneer’s attributes or practices and situational components. In the 1960s, Fred Fielder progressed the first hypothesis utilizing the possibility approach, the possibility hypothesis of adequacy. The principle thought of this early hypothesis is that leadership viability (regarding gathering execution) relies on upon the communication of two components: the pioneer’s assignment or relations inspirations and viewpoints of the circumstances. The leader’s assignment or relations inspiration is measured through the Least Preferred Co-worker 1scale (LPC). This scale asks pioneers to review an associate (long ago or presently) they work with minimum well and to portray this single person with appraisals on an arrangement of 8-point bipolar modifiers (e.g., distant– frosty). High LPC scores reflect more positive portrayals of the minimum favoured associate, while low LPC scores proof more negative observations. Fielder contended that a single person with a high LPC score is persuaded to keep up concordant interpersonal connections, inasmuch as a single person with a low LPC score is persuaded to accomplish tasks.

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Management vs. Leadership

We can discuss this phenomenon as simply as possible: leaders develop followers and managers just manage subordinates. Leadership does not necessarily have to take a hierarchical structure, but it can happen at any point of the chain and can be portrayed in different ways; management on the other hand takes place in a structured organisational setting with prearranged roles and works towards a set of objectives (Mullins, 2013). Leaders create a vision and shape the culture whereas managers just “tell” vision and execute the culture of an organisation. Leaders focus on changing and managers are focused on stability. Leaders tend to be magnetic and give credit and managers usually take the credit for any succeeding element in the organisation. Leaders set the direction they want their followers to follow but managers take the already existing safe path towards success. The list doesn’t end here. Managers can also be leaders but they need to make sure that they do not betray the trust of their subordinates.

Management Styles vs Leadership Styles

John Maxwell, a motivational speaker and author quotes, “leaders must be close enough to relate to others, but far enough ahead to motivate them” (Maxwell, 1999). Command and control management is becoming the old approach in today’s fast-changing globalised world and there has been an inclination towards leadership giving more empowerment to the employees. Organisations used to run on the concept of managers and bosses giving instructions to their subordinates for work giving them less flexibility to do work as employees please to. This may have a positive effect on some organisations but it limits creativity. The most discussed styles of management are autocratic, laissez-faire, and democratic. Western economies no longer quite use autocratic styles in organisations unless for strategic industries like  nuclear and armed forces.

Some Inspirational Leaders

We always talk about Steve Jobs of Apple Inc. to be a very inspirational leader and here is what he says:

He managed to create a cult following with his brand because of his transformational, inspirational and situational approach of leadership, which even after his death, it has up till now remained. He deviated from the traditional Theory X and Theory Y approach (Mullins, 2013) of management and made sure employees were taught the importance of quality customer services. We all know Apple has a fascinating customer service domain and this is not possible if customer services representatives were not “happy” with what they were doing.


 

References

Maxwell, J. C., 1999. The 21 Indispensable Qualities of a Leader: Becoming the Person Others Will Want to Follow. s.l.:Yates and Yates.

Mullins, L. J., 2013. Management and Organisational Behaviour. 10th ed. s.l.:Pearson.

Sage REFERENCE, 2012. Contingency Theories of Leadership. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations.

CMI (2013) Understanding Management Styles Checklist 236, Chartered Management Institute: London

 

 

Me? A Leader?

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Vision of Leadership

Leaders create a following. They create a vivid path for their followers so that they can exactly see what they have to achieve and how to get there. Leadership is based on charisma, the leader’s achievement and how appealing is the leader’s views for their followers (DVIR, et al., 2002). The most successful leader is that one that creates a cult following and no matter what happens around them, they will not leave their leader. There are many such individuals who have managed to create such charisma. It is not necessary for all leaders to show their “subjects” the “right” way, or the correct path. The power is in the ability to influence others. The power is in effective communication. The only reason that Hitler, Stalin, Ghengez Khan had such a large following is because they had the ability to communicate with their followers. Their ultimate goal was to kill masses but the reason they were able to actually achieve that is because the created a reasoning and vision for their followers and there was a need for bloodshed. These individuals’ speeches were so effective that they managed to keep their effect on followers and the only way they were able to do that is by igniting emotions among the people. Emotion is what stays with people, and if power is used in the wrong way, it can have detrimental effects.

My Inspirations

Google was such a company that started from a garage. These types of stories are what really makes one think how this all happened. It is all about the right opportunity, at the right time with the right kind of leadership. What made Obama win the presidential elections in 2004 was his inspirational, motivational speech. This was the time when people believed that he would change the conventional thinking and methods of the way the government is run.

Source: (THINKR, 2012)

This speech is what made Obama win. He didn’t focus on the differences among people, but he focuses on the fact that there are no Leftists and Rightists, no liberals and conservatives, but there is ONE America. This president runs an organisation that influences the entire world. Hofstede’s analysis on culture can be applied in this sense that Obama knew what kind of emotional culture America had and he had all the points that would trigger sparks in the American public.

Additionally, another individual who has inspired me to be influential and charismatic is Asad Umar. He was the CEO of one of Pakistan’s leading companies, Engro Foods. This man left his salary, income just for the betterment of Pakistan. He gave up the glory just to make a difference in the country, and “leading by example” (Mullins, 2013) stating the fact that monetary benefits are not the only ones that are the most important in the world. He joined Pakistan’s least corrupt party to make a positive difference in the country. This party preaches to earn livelihood via legal and correct ways and it is very important for

How will MBA help in achieving my style of Leadership?

I am trying to achieve all these qualities that inspirational leaders like Ghandi, Obama, Bhagat Singh, Mukhtara Mai had. They had the ability to do something good, if not all, to inspire, to influence, to show people the right way. That is what I would like to achieve in this duration of study. Learning about culture (Hofstede, 1980) and understanding differences between people, studying in an international environment is what will really make me the leader that I want to me. For me, being a leader is not about being in control. For me, it is LEAD BY EXAMPLE. Do so much good and carry out ethical conduct that followers are inclined to adapt your way of work and lifestyle. Being able to motivate is one quality that I want to improve on, and do possess to some extent. Leaders are also highly motivational. There is a reason that sometimes companies stay highly profitable for a really long time; they have great employee reputation, they have great CSR activities. This is because the leaders were successful in outlining the direction and strategy for their subordinates, and the work of the company has been absorbed into the employees’ bloodstreams. That is who I want to be. An inspiration, a leader, a mentor, a friend, a legend, someone that everyone wants to be!

 

 

References

DVIR, T., AVOLIO, B. J. & SHAMIR, B., (2002). IMPACT OF TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP ON FOLLOWER DEVELOPMENT AND PERFORMANCE: A Field Experiment. Academy of Management Journal, 45(4), pp. 735-744.

Hofstede, G., (1980). Motivation, leadership, and organization: Do American theories apply abroad?. Organizational Dynamics, 9(1), pp. 42-63.

Mullins, L. J., (2013). Management and Organisational Behaviour. 10 ed. s.l.:Pearson.

THINKR, (2012). The Speech that Made Obama President. [Online]
Available at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OFPwDe22CoY
[Accessed 1 July 2014].